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Perhaps the most appealing characteristic of brickwork is its attractive appearance.
However, the overall appearance of brickwork, besides the type of bricks used, is
profoundly affected by the bond patterns and the mortars used for joints.

Brick
No two bricks are the same, in terms of color or texture. This becomes one of the most
appealing features of brick that gives a house with a natural pleasant outlook and
enduring beauty. In some cases choice of a single and uniform color will make the wall
look monotonous and dull.

Bonding Patterns
Brickwork can be constructed by various arrangement of bricks bonded to form an
integrated structure. There are a few commonly used bond patterns.

The effect of mortar joints on the appearance of brickwork has always been neglected or overlooked. Although mortar joints appear on brickwork as narrow lines, they actually take up a significantly large proportion (about 15% to 25%) of the total wall surface, depending on the bonding pattern. This explains the surprising effect of mortar on the brickwork finished look. A dark mortar tends to make the bricks look darker and richer in color whereas a lighter mortar tends to make bricks to appear in lighter tone.

Mortar joints should be finished with a consistently shaped profile to enhance the characteristic appearance of brickwork. Four common types of joint are illustrated below:-

Flushed Joints

Flushed joint is used when a smooth finish is desired.

Rolled Joints

A commonly used joint formed by a round bar mortar to give a smooth finish and create a half-circle indent.

Raked Joints

The mortar is raked off by about 8mm back from the brick face. This type of joint is used when a rustic look is desired, emphasizing the individual brick.

Weather Struck Joints

A joint formed by cutting mortar at a single angle to brick face with a trowel. Strucjoint is generally used against weathering.

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